A cell phone tower is a tall, slender structure that is associated with a cell phone service provider. These towers are also known as radio station towers. These towers help in providing mobile phone signals to different users.
The phones can use these signals to communicate with the base station in an area with good signal strength. Cell phone towers are generally located in areas that have good signal coverage. They are also known as radio towers. These towers help in providing mobile phone signals to different users.
Components of Cell Phone Tower
The following is a list of different components that make up a cell phone tower:
1. Radio Equipment
Radio equipment is used to transmit and receive radio waves at the appropriate frequency. This helps in making sure that the signal reaches the entire area. It can be installed at a height of anywhere between 50 and 100 meters above the ground.
The main purpose of radio equipment is to transmit and receive the signals due to which the calls and internet data are possible.
2. Cables and Connectors
- Cables are usually of copper or aluminum. These are used to transmit the signals.
- Connectors are used to transmit the data signals.
3. Distribution Towers
These are vertical poles that are used to distribute the signals. They help in transmitting the signals to different areas.
These are small dishes used to convert the signals into the 2G and 4G frequencies.
5. Summing Tower
This is a large dish used to increase and reduce the power levels of the signals.
6. Base Station
This is the device that receives the signals from the rectenna and then converts them into electricity and sends them to the users.
Location of the Cell Phone Tower
A cell phone tower is usually installed to provide the best signal coverage in the area it is situated. It is therefore important to take note of the location of the tower. It should be installed in an area with good signal coverage.
The location for a cell phone tower can be either indoors or outdoors. Indoor locations are suitable for cell phone towers because they provide protection from the elements and also make it convenient for installation.
Outdoor locations are ideal for a cell phone tower because they can be installed easily. However, they can also be exposed to the elements and can be damaged by strong winds.
Height of the Cell Phone Tower
The height of a cell phone tower is measured from the ground to the top of the tower. The height of a cell phone tower is normally between 50-400 feet.
The height of the tower is normally between 35 and 100 meters. A taller cell phone tower is better for coverage. It can provide a better signal for the users in the area.
A taller tower can be a metallic or reinforced concrete tower or a lattice tower. A taller tower can be between 30 and 100 meters. A taller tower can provide better coverage in areas with limited topography.
Power Supply to the Cell Phone Tower
A cell phone tower needs power to function. This power can either come from the local grid or a separate power supply. A power supply can be a renewable energy source or a non-renewable source.
A renewable source is a source that can be replenished. Examples of renewable sources are solar, wind, hydro and biomass.
A non-renewable source is a source that cannot be replenished. Examples of non-renewable sources are fossil fuels and conventional power sources like coal, natural gas and petroleum.
Installation of the Cell Phone Tower
The installation of a cell phone tower can be either underground, on the ground or on a building. An installation underground makes the installation of a cell phone tower easy. It requires digging a trench to lay cables to the tower. It also makes the installation safer and avoids any interruption of electricity.
An installation on a building can be either a secure or a non-secure installation. A secure installation can be a metal cage or a building mounted antenna. A non-secure installation can be either a roof mounted or a ground mounted antenna.
This article was a comprehensive guide for the components of a cell phone tower. These towers are usually installed in clusters to increase their efficiency.